Information and Resources for Healthcare Providers

Why should a healthcare provider be aware of antibiotic resistance, and what can they do to help?

Resources for dental practices
Clinical PEARLS

Approximately one-third to one-half of all antibiotic prescriptions are not needed.

Many health care providers report feeling pressured by worried parents or patients to prescribe antibiotics. Rather than take the time to explain why an antibiotic isn't needed, it may be easier to write a prescription. They also may not be sure whether an infection is caused by a bacterium or virus. In some cases, laboratory tests, such as for strep throat, can be helpful, but again require extra time and sometimes a second visit for the patient.

MARR offers free materials for download, and also free educational programs that will help the healthcare provider easily explain to a patient why an antibiotic may not be necessary. Many patients do not know what antibiotic resistance is and how it could affect them. These materials may help create a dialog between the patient and provider about the differences between a virus and bacterial infection, when an antibiotic is appropriate, and the dangers of antibiotic resistance, including why taking an antibiotic for a viral infection can cause more harm than good.

Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship

Improving antibiotic prescribing in all health care settings is critical to combating antibiotic-resistant bacteria. The Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship provides a framework for antibiotic stewardship for outpatient clinicians and facilities that routinely provide antibiotic treatment.

Learn more on the CDC website

Resources for dental practices

Seven Ways Dentists can Act against Antibiotic Resistance

Dental providers are uniquely positioned to play a role in preventing the spread of antibiotic resistance. Here are seven simple “how tos” for safe, appropriate antibiotic prescribing and use when treating dental infections.

  1. Make an accurate diagnosis
  2. When prescribing an antibiotic, choose the right drug for the right dose and duration.
  3. Usenarrow-spectrum antibiotics for simple infections and preserve broad-spectrum drugs for more complex infections.
  4. Avoidprescribing antibiotics for viral infections.
  5. For empiric treatment, revisetreatment regimen based on patient progress and/or test results.
  6. Knowthe side effects and drug interactions of an antibiotic before prescribing.
  7. Teachyour patients about appropriate antibiotic use and emphasize the importance of taking antibiotics exactly as directed.

Checklist for Antibiotic Prescribing in Dentistry

This 1-page, full color 8.5"x 11" fact sheet describes how dentists can improve antibiotic use in their practices. dental fact sheet pdf

This information is according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), for more information visit the website

Clinical PEARLS

Clinical PEARLS to avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics Guideline Compendia for Adult and Pediatric Upper Respiratory Infections

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